1. Don't buy if you can't stay put.
If you can't commit to remaining in one place for at least a few years, then
owning is probably not for you, at least not yet. With the transaction costs of
buying and selling a home, you may end up losing money if you sell any sooner -
even in a rising market. When prices are falling, it's an even worse
2. Start by shoring up your credit.
Since you most likely will need to get a mortgage to buy a house, you must make
sure your credit history is as clean as possible. A few months before you start
house hunting, get copies of your credit report. Make sure the facts are correct,
and fix any problems you discover.
3. Aim for a home you can really afford.
The rule of thumb is that you can buy housing that runs about two-and-one-half
times your annual salary. But you'll do better to use one of many calculators
available online to get a better handle on how your income, debts, and expenses
affect what you can afford.
4. If you can't put down the usual 20 percent, you may still qualify for a
There are a variety of public and private lenders who, if you qualify, offer
low-interest mortgages that require a small down payment.
5. Buy in a district with good schools.
In most areas, this advice applies even if you don't have school-age
children. Reason: When it comes time to sell, you'll learn that strong school
districts are a top priority for many home buyers, thus helping to boost property
6. Get professional help.
Even though the Internet gives buyers unprecedented access to home listings,
most new buyers (and many more experienced ones) are better off using a
professional agent. Look for agent, like me, who will have your interests at heart
and can help you with strategies during the bidding process.
7. Choose carefully between points and rate.
When picking a mortgage, you usually have the option of paying additional points
- a portion of the interest that you pay at closing - in exchange for a lower interest
rate. If you stay in the house for a long time - say three to five years or more —
it's usually a better deal to take the points. The lower interest rate will save
you more in the long run.
8. Before house hunting, get pre-approved.
Getting pre-approved will you save yourself the grief of looking at houses you
can't afford and put you in a better position to make a serious offer when
you do find the right house. Not to be confused with pre-qualification, which is
based on a cursory review of your finances, pre-approval from a lender is based
on your actual income, debt and credit history.
9. Do your homework before bidding.
Your opening bid should be based on the sales trend of similar homes in the
neighborhood. So before making it, consider sales of similar homes in the last
three months. If homes have recently sold at 5 percent less than the asking
price, you should make a bid that's about eight to 10 percent lower than
what the seller is asking.
10. Hire a home inspector.
Sure, your lender will require a home appraisal anyway. But that's just the
bank's way of determining whether the house is worth the price you've
agreed to pay. Separately, you should hire your own home inspector, preferably
an engineer with experience in doing home surveys in the area where you are
buying. His or her job will be to point out potential problems that could require
costly repairs down the road